In Pantoja v. Zengel (12-11036), the Eleventh Circuit affirmed the trial court's judgment that the money at issue was not an asset of the ERISA plan where the money had never been given to the ERISA plan. The court held:
Upon examination of the Plan documents, we find no clear and specific language indicating the fringe benefits are “plan assets” before they are actually remitted to the Plan. Indeed, unlike the plan documents in ITPE Pension Fund, this contract is not even susceptible to such a reading. See 334 F.3d at 1016. Without clear language or any evidence indicating otherwise, we conclude that the unpaid funds cannot be construed as plan assets; therefore, the Appellees did not breach a fiduciary duty as a matter of law.